cbd migraine prevention

Another important action step to take before deciding to use CBD oil is to check to ensure that it is legal in your home state. Many states still consider even the prescribed use of CBD oil illegal, due to its link to marijuana. And the FDA has not approved any CBD products (prescription or over-the-counter), aside from Epidiolex.

Nicholas R. Metrus, MD, is a board-certified neurologist and neuro-oncologist. He currently serves at the Glasser Brain Tumor Center in Summit, New Jersey.

The researchers add that given time, as the legalities around medical marijuana and CBD oil change, more research may be able to show that CBD oil works well enough and consistently enough to treat migraines.

Previous research studies have shown that CBD oil, unlike THC, does not cause a euphoric high or psychotropic effects, and is typically less controversial and safer for medicinal use. CBD oil has been shown, in a limited number of studies, to be effective in the treatment of many disorders, including diabetes, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and migraines.  

Uses and Safety

Additionally, a 2017 review of cannabis treatment for headaches outlined existing research, patient surveys, and case reports showing the efficacy of cannabis for migraine and other headache disorders.   A 2018 review described experimental evidence for the use of cannabinoids in the treatment of migraine as well as other headaches and chronic pain.

Prescription drugs with CBD do not have any THC at all. But many over-the-counter CBD oil products, such as those sold online, contain trace amounts of THC.  

Due to the pervasiveness and debilitating effects of migraine headaches, there’s been a lot of clinical research aimed at trying to find an effective treatment to minimize the frequency of migraines and alleviate the pain.

Properties of CBD Oil That Relieve Migraine

With the laws governing the legal use of medical marijuana beginning to loosen up, there’s quite a bit of focus on the use of CBD oil—a component of the marijuana plant—for treating everything from arthritis to chronic pain, including migraines. But what is CBD oil, and does it really work to relieve migraine headaches?

“Cannabinoids—due to their anticonvulsive, analgesic, antiemetic, and anti-inflammatory effects —present a promising class of compounds for both acute [short-term, severe] and prophylactic [preventative] treatment of migraine pain," explained lead study author Pinja Leimuranta, of the University of Eastern Finland. Although the researchers say that we are not completely there yet, they add that CBD oil can “absolutely help relieve some symptoms related to migraines.”  

Cbd migraine prevention

Is CBD oil effective for preventive or acute treatment of migraine?
There is very little evidence that any of the components of marijuana are effective for the treatment of migraine and headache disorders. That does not mean they do not work, however. What it means is that they have not been studied.

If a physician has a patient who wants to explore CBD oil as a treatment option for migraine, how would you advise him or her?
It depends on your state. If you are in a state where it is illegal, you have no local or federal protection. But if you are in a state where it is legal, either recreationally or medicinally, you have options. For example, in Pennsylvania where I practice, marijuana is legalized for medicinal uses. But physicians in the state of Pennsylvania cannot prescribe it. If they did, their license would be removed, as it is a federal offense.

Dr. Stephen Silberstein touches on CBD oil as a potential treatment for migraine and current barriers to its use

In some states, it is legal for recreational use, so there is no physician intermediary. Every state is different, and it is extremely important to know the laws in your state.

What is CBD oil, and how is it different from marijuana?
Marijuana contains both tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), an active chemical that has psychoactive properties, and CBD. Unlike THC, CBD oil has no psychoactive properties and is currently on the market and available for purchase in stores and online.