CBD oil has become increasingly popular. Although it is easy to purchase and is readily available on shop shelves and across the internet, there are still questions being asked. Despite the fact the popularity CBD oil is having in the UK, there is still a lot of a grey area and uncertainties, particularly with new users. The most common is whether or not CBD shows up on a drug test, and if you can drive after taking CBD oil. In this blog, we dive into both factors and separate the facts from t We ask a lawyer and a police officer; can you take CBD oil and drive? Is it safe? What if I'm stopped by the Police?
Is it legal to drive in the UK after taking CBD oil?
CBD oil has become increasingly popular. Although it is easy to purchase and is readily available on shop shelves and across the internet, there are still questions being asked.
If you have decided to include CBD oil in your daily regime, it is understandable you will want to be cautious.
In 2015, the law changed for drivers in the UK. The aim was to clamp down on drug driving and to make it easier for the police to arrest and convict those under the influence.
The new law specifies that it is illegal to drive with 16 specific drugs in your blood. Eight of these drugs are illegal substances, whilst the other eight are available on prescription. Cannabis is on the list. For more information on these drugs, please check the government website.
Why is there confusion with CBD and driving?
Although CBD is a natural compound, it is extracted from the hemp plant. The hemp plant is known for being the source of cannabis and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol). With this in mind, it is understandable why so many people question the legality of CBD oil and whether it is safe to drive after taking it.
Is CBD oil safe when driving?
CBD oil is non-intoxicating and will not affect your ability to drive. The majority of CBD oils do contain traces of cannabinoids which includes CBN and THC. However, the content should not be any more than 1mg in any one container.
THC is the ingredient that would usually give you ‘a high’. Most CBD suppliers have specialist techniques to extract the THC even more so, ensuring there is less than the legal amount of 0.2%. Impact products contain far less than that amount.
What happens if the police stop me?
It is extremely unlikely that you would get stopped whilst driving, unless the officer believes you are under the influence, or of course, by dangerous driving. In this situation, you are legally required to stop and possibly carry out a field impairment test or a roadside drug screening. As long as your levels are below the 2mg, you shouldn’t go over the limit.
Can you drive safely after taking CBD oil?
Although CBD oil is safe for most, you must be aware of your body. Cannabinoids react differently to an individual’s body chemistry. Before you set off on your journey, consider these factors;
- Have you recently taken legal or illegal drugs?
- If in any doubt at all about prescription drugs, always check with a professional before taking that risk.
- If you are not 100% sure you feel fit to drive, DON’T!
- Make sure the labelling on your product is extensive, and you know exactly what the content includes.
In conclusion, so long as you take the CBD oil as recommended, you will be safe and legal to drive as normal. There is nothing wrong with being over-cautious, so if in any doubt don’t take the risk.
Can You Drive on CBD Oil? And Does It Shows On Drug Tests
Despite the fact the popularity CBD oil is having in the UK, there is still a lot of a grey area and uncertainties, particularly with new users.
The most common is whether or not CBD shows up on a drug test, and if you can drive after taking CBD oil. In this blog, we dive into both factors and separate the facts from the myths to make sure you make informed decisions about CBD oil.
What is CBD?
For the sake of making the point, it’s best to start with the bare basics. Understanding exactly what CBD goes a long way in understanding its effects if it can affect your driving skills and what its presence in the body means for you.
CBD stands for cannabidiol. It’s a compound found in cannabis plants like hemp or marijuana. The cannabis plant has over 100 different cannabinoids, but, CBD and THC are the most popular.
In the UK, legal CBD oil is extracted from specially grown Hemp plants which have high yields of CBD and minimal THC. CBD has unique properties, one of them being its non-psychoactive nature. It doesn’t make the user feel anxious or high, and it doesn’t make your eyes look red.
These are properties which THC (a cousin to CBD) is known for. Unlike THC, which is often used for recreational purposes, CBD is used for its nutritional and medicinal benefits.
Does CBD Oil Contain THC?
Considering the two are found in the same plant, it’s logical to be worried about having THC in your CBD products inadvertently.
The legal regulations in the UK require CBD oil to have less than 0.2% of THC. These trace amounts of THC are not nearly enough to have any of the effects that come with taking marijuana.
If you’re concerned and don’t want to have any THC in your system, you can opt for CBD isolate, and CBD crystals which are 99% CBD and have all of the THC stripped from them.
When buying CBD from online shops, it’s also essential to make sure you only buy products that are extracted from Hemp plants.
Will CBD Show Up on a Drug Test?
CBD shouldn’t show up on a drug test. However, most CBD brands have products that contain specific amounts of THC. This might show up on a drug test if there is enough THC in the products.
In rare cases, people using CBD might have a positive drug test based on the quality and composition of the products they are using. To avoid this, you should learn how to pick the right CBD products that will not result in a positive drug test.
How Much THC can Lead to a Positive Drug Test?
Drug tests are designed to test one of the primary metabolites of THC, which is THC-COOH. In most cases, there are cut off values established.
Depending on the type of test and fluid tested, the cut-off value and the detection windows vary:
- Urine – Urine tests are usually conducted in the workplace. For the test to be positive, the concentration in the urine sample has to be 50nanograms per millilitre. With urine, the detection window varies depending on the concentration of the dose and the frequency of use. However, THC metabolites can be detectable between 3 to 15 days after application.
- Blood – Blood tests are less common, mostly because THC is quickly expelled from the bloodstream. THC is only detectable in plasma for up to 5 hours, but the metabolites can be detectable up to a week after use. In most cases, blood tests are conducted to indicated impairment at the current time, for instance, when you’re driving under the influence.
- Hair – Hair follicle tests for THC are not common. There’s no established cut-off limit for this type of test. However, the private industry has one set at one picogram per milligram. THC metabolites are detectable in high for up to 90 days.
As you can see, there’s no drug test that test for CBD. That’s why CBD can’t show up on a drug test. The only risk is taking CBD that is contaminated and has more than the acceptable amounts of THC, which would result in a positive drug for the THC but not for CBD.
Can I Drive After Taking CBD?
Considering that CBD isn’t illegal and it doesn’t make you high, you must be wondering if it’s safe or even legal to drive after taking CBD. It’s a concern with many other drivers that also happen to be CBD lovers.
Some people experience drowsiness when they take CBD in high doses or headaches. If you experience such effects, you should consider revising your dose downwards. If that doesn’t help, you should avoid taking CBD before you drive.
From a legal perspective, it’s okay to use CBD before driving. CBD is not classified in the UK, and it doesn’t have enough THC to make it illegal.
CBD oil is mainly safe and doesn’t show up in drug tests. However, you need to be cautious about the CBD products you use and make sure you analyse the lab test results for each product before taking it. Make sure the THC levels are within the acceptable amounts, and the product is sourced from quality hemp plants and extracted using competent methods.
If the product meets the legal standards, it’s safe to take without risks of it showing up on the drug test. Also, because the effects of CBD oil don’t affect performance or function, it’s considered safe to take CBD when driving.
But, you should wait to see how you react to the product. If any effects make you feel uncomfortable driving like drowsiness, you should consider lowering the dose. If that doesn’t help, then you should avoid taking CBD before you drive.
CBD oil and driving in the UK
CBD oil won’t get you high, has a good safety profile and has been tried by nearly 10% of people in the UK.
Its explosive rise in popularity has set a new standard for food supplements. Even though you can pop into your local coffee shop and pick up a CBD latte, its association with cannabis means that many people remain, understandably, cautious.
In 2015, the law changed making it easier for police to catch and prosecute drug drivers. This has resulted in many people asking the question: Is it safe and legal to drive after taking CBD?
CBD & driving: fast facts
- You can drive legally after vaping or consuming CBD as long as you are fit to do so.
- If the CBD you take contains too much THC, this could cause you to fail a drug driving test.
- You can technically smoke CBD and drive but hemp flower is illegal in the UK.
- The DVLA makes no mention of CBD within their available information.
- There are no laws in the UK that prohibit taking CBD and driving.
Is it legal to drive after taking CBD oil?
CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid and won’t impair your ability to drive. This has been proven in a 2020 study undertaken at Maastricht University and led by the Lambert Initiative for Cannabinoid Therapeutics.
Dr Thomas Arkell the lead author said: “These findings indicate for the first time that CBD, when given without THC, does not affect a subject’s ability to drive. That’s great news for those using or considering treatment using CBD-based products.”
We also spoke with cannabis lawyer Robert Jappie, a partner at London law firm Ince. We asked him if it is legal to drive after consuming CBD, he said:
“Yes, it is legal. CBD is not a controlled substance and has no psychotropic effect. Therefore, a person’s driving would not be impaired by the consumption of CBD.”
However, most CBD oils contain traces of other cannabinoids including CBN and THC. Both are controlled substances and mustn’t make up more than 1mg of any container of CBD. The UK drug driving laws are clear that driving under the influence of THC is illegal.
THC is the cannabinoid that gives cannabis its intoxicating qualities and trace amounts are found in full-spectrum CBD products. The best CBD producers use legal industrial hemp varieties with less than 0.2% THC. They also invest in specially designed extraction techniques to reduce this further, ensuring the oils for sale comply with UK law
By checking 3rd party lab results and researching the brand, you can be confident that they contain only traces of THC and CBN, making it both legal and safe to drive after taking CBD.
What happens if I am stopped by the police?
This is unlikely to happen, but if an officer believes that you are unfit to drive, they may ask you to do a ‘field impairment test’ or complete a roadside drug screening kit. The test is a series of quick tasks such as walking in a straight line, which will give an indication if you are intoxicated. This may be followed up with a drug kit which tests for cannabis and cocaine.
A Police Constable told us that you will only fail a drug screening check if you have more than 2 micrograms of THC per ml of blood.
“The blood test results show the micrograms of THC per ml of blood. So if the thing you [take] doesn’t contain THC then it won’t come back in the blood […]. So [take] all the CBD you like, if it has no THC, you won’t go over the limit in theory.”
You can take some of the steps outlined in our “will CBD cause me to fail a drug test” article to ensure THC doesn’t build up in your system.
We also asked Robert Jappie what to do if you were stopped by the Police after consuming CBD, he said:
“Don’t say anything. CBD is perfectly legal and you don’t need to volunteer any information to the police.”
He also went on to add that he was not aware of any “occurrence” where someone had failed a drug driving test after consuming CBD.
Can you take CBD and drive safely?
While CBD is known to be safe, it is always important to pay attention to how any new food supplement affects you personally.
Every time you drive, it is necessary to make the personal assessment that you are fit to drive, for any reason. UK law states:
“It’s illegal to drive if either:
- You’re unfit to do so because you’re on legal or illegal drugs.
- You have certain levels of illegal drugs in your blood (even if they have not affected your driving).
Legal drugs are prescription or over-the-counter medicines. If you’re taking them and not sure if you should drive, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or healthcare professional.”
While CBD is classes as a food supplement and not a medicine, if you believe that you are unfit to drive, then don’t.
During a chat with us, a member of the East Anglian Police Force encouraged CBD users to stay safe by purchasing from reliable brands. Specifically, companies with a good track record of happy customers and evidence of low THC content.
He emphasised that the current lack of regulatory enforcement presented the most significant risk. The potential for misleading or inaccurate labels could result in illegal levels of THC.
“I don’t think that the current market for CBD is well enough regulated and the product can vary in the amount of THC contained by a significant amount to be able to state with certainty that CBD is safe to use while driving.”
The officer went on the encourage drivers to be aware of their fitness to drive at any time. This applies whether you have taken a food supplement, over the counter medicine, prescription drug or are feeling unwell or tired.
“Always avoid driving if you are feeling any effects that may impair your ability, while CBD in itself is not illegal, it doesn’t take much imagination to see someone having a crash, a prosecutor finding out they use CBD and then a charge of driving while impaired or unfit (or similar) could be brought.”
CBD is non-intoxicating, making it safe to drive after consuming, but you must always be aware of how it affects you personally.
Choose a brand that has low levels of THC to be on the safe side and buy your CBD from retailers with:
- Good reputations and a range of positive reviews
- A policy of being honest about their products and processes
- Third-party certificates available for each batch
As a driver, you are responsible for your fitness to be behind the wheel, so, be aware of how you feel before setting off. Whether you feel strange after drinking a coffee, from an over the counter cold and flu remedy or are drowsy following a bad night, don’t drive until the effects have entirely worn off.
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Tom Russell writes extensively about CBD oil and other groundbreaking food supplements. He and his wife share their home with two daughters and a lifetime’s collection of books.
February 10, 2020
Hey Ron, if cannabis was legalised I wouldn’t expect this amount to change unless they found conclusive evidence to prove you were not impaired with a higher level of THC in your system.
How long THC stays in your system also has a lot to do with how often you consume, how much you consume and also the method of testing. Blood testing which is the method described is around 1-2 days. If someone is consuming large amounts daily this can take much longer.
There was some testing in the US where they checked micrograms per ml straight after smoking where it could show 38 micrograms per ml and within two hours is under 5micrograms (the legal limit in Colorado and Washington) per ml. After 12 hours you should be safe unless your consumption is high.
February 08, 2020
What happens if it is legalised, how much THC can you have in your system then? I heard it takes 6 weeks or more to totally get out of your system, so driving a car one week after smoking weed could end you up in jail? This is messed up! 2 microgrammes in your blood is the limit. They would need to increase loads this to make it legal to drive 12 hours after a blaze?