First of all, know that there is no right or wrong oil. Each CBD oil has a different function and benefits depending on the situation.
Broad Spectrum CBD on the other hand, will be more suitable for people who want the therapeutic benefits of the entourage effect, but without the THC. Often, people who do not wish to have THC in their product, or are simply sensitive to it, turn their backs on spectrum CBD oils in favor of Isolat, not having that the broad spectrum is ideal for them. It’s also suitable for first-time users and regular THC testers who don’t want to risk testing positive.
Terpenes are volatile molecules responsible for the unique flavor profile of each plant, fruit, vegetable and spice. Cannabis contains more than 200 terpenes that, like cannabinoids, also bind to different receptors in the body to provide therapeutic potentials for health. To learn more about terpenes, read What are terpenes used for in CBD?
To put it simply, broad spectrum CBD is very similar to full spectrum CBD, except that the THC has been removed. This means you still get all the benefits of the entourage effect, minus the THC.
Broad Spectrum CBD
In fact, full spectrum CBD oil will most likely have THC in its formula, but below 0.2% for products sold in France according to regulations. It therefore produces no psychoactive effects.
After the initial extraction, CBD oil manufacturers remove the THC while keeping the other cannabinoids in the formula. This refining process is essential for making broad spectrum oil. During this step of the process, unwanted cannabinoids are easily handled and can be removed or added to the formula. This is how broad-spectrum CBD oil is born.
Broad Spectrum CBD is a great choice for people who cannot or do not want to use THC and have it in their system, whether for legal, professional or personal reasons.
Full Spectrum CBD
In short, broad spectrum CBD oil does not contain THC molecules, the one that makes cannabis psychoactive, while full spectrum CBD oil does. This sets them apart and affects the surrounding effect of the product.
Full spectrum CBD oil is the result of CO2 extraction. The words “full spectrum” refer to the full spectrum of cannabinoids and other components found in cannabis associated with the entourage effect. Full spectrum CBD oil does not remove any cannabinoids or intoxicating compounds like THC. It extracts the composition of the plant as it is. As you can see, because each plant has a unique composition, each full spectrum CBD oil has a different taste and properties.
The definition of the Entourage Effect is relatively simple; it is the theory that cannabinoids have more favorable actions when delivered with a higher proportion of native phytochemicals such as terpenes , flavonoids, and other cannabinoids. This manifests as both amplification of positive effects (efficacy) and modulation of undesirable ones (tolerability). The term was coined in 1988 by Raphael Mechoulam, the same Israeli scientist who discovered THC, and its potential mechanisms were first illuminated by Dr. Ethan Russo in his landmark 2011 paper, “Taming THC.” Put even more simply, the Entourage Effect is a way of saying that, when it comes to cannabis and hemp, the whole is greater than the sum of the parts.
The Entourage Effect
Broad Spectrum applies to extractions that aim to retain a large complement of phytochemicals without the THC, which allows for some Entourage Effect action. Hemp, defined as cannabis plants containing less than .3% THC, forms the basis for most Broad Spec extracts. Broad Spectrum can also be created by either adding terpenes, flavonoids, and minor cannabinoids to CBD isolate or by removing THC from Full Spectrum extract via distillation. Compared to Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum extracts are slightly lighter in color, and while their flavor profiles are similar, they are not as hemp-forward and bold.
The following are the terms used to categorize the three different types of extracts.