What are feminised seeds? Dutch Passion created feminized cannabis seeds Feminised cannabis seeds have been one of the most important contributions to the cannabis growing movement in the Different weed strains provide different highs, have different sativa and indica content, and grow best in different environments. This guide will help you decide which marijuana seeds to buy online. Growing weed in an AeroGarden: the complete step by step guide with everything you need to know along with pro-tips by experimented growers.
What are feminised seeds?
Dutch Passion created feminized cannabis seeds
Feminised cannabis seeds have been one of the most important contributions to the cannabis growing movement in the last generation. Dutch Passion were the first ones who, against all odds, created cannabis seeds that gave rise to 95%+ female plants. These seeds are known as feminised seeds, today they are the most popular and convenient choice for those growing their own stash.
The inconvenience of regular seeds
Before feminised seeds, ‘regular’ cannabis seeds were used which produced approximately 50% male and 50% female plants. This meant that growers had to germinate and grow twice the desired number seedlings in order to reach a satisfactory number of mature females. With the arrival of feminised marijuhana seeds a grower simply plants the desired number of seeds and forgets about the inconvenience of male plants. Male plants not only waste space in a garden, they also risk reducing the finest sensimilla into seed pods. For most growers of recreational or medical marijuana the male plant is simply no longer wanted. The recent boom in home-grown cannabis has been made a lot easier with the arrival of feminised marijuana seeds. No more worrying about how to identify male plants.
Feminised marijuana seeds are grown in the same way as regular seeds. They can be grown indoors, in greenhouses or outside. They can be grown in soil or hydroponic systems. Feminised seeds give more stable results than regular seeds, resulting in better potency for 80% of all varieties.
The feminisation process
The exact process of cannabis seed feminisation has been a secret for many years. The principle is straightforward. Female plants can be stimulated to produce pollen in such a way that the pollen is regarded as ‘female pollen’. The female pollen is used to pollinate a female plant which then starts producing seeds. The seeds produced by this method are feminised – they give rise only to female plants.
The benefits of feminised marijuana seeds
As an additional benefit the feminised marijuana seeds tend to give rise to more uniform plants than regular seed. For the experienced growers feminised seeds have simplified life. To the new grower, feminised cannabis seeds are the only way to go. Growing top quality strains of cannabis has never been as easy, just choose the strain, plant the seeds and ensure ample light and sufficient nutrients.
Dutch Passion invented feminised marijuana seeds and have perhaps the worlds best selection of top quality feminised strains. If you are thinking about buying some feminised seeds then first take a look at what Dutch Passion has to offer – you won’t be disappointed!
The feminized seed experiment
In a Dutch Passion experiment done in 1999 Dutch Passion grew 15 varieties of “feminized” seeds. We started with 30 seeds per variety. The goals were: 1) to determine the percentages of female, male, and hermaphroditic plants. 2) to compare the uniformity (homogeneity) among plants from “feminized” seeds with those grown from “regular” seeds.
1. The results were excellent. Nine out of fifteen varieties had 100% female offspring. Percentages of female plants from the other 6 varieties were between 80 and 90%. These plants were all hermaphrodites, producing their male flowers at the end of their lifecycle. Seed-setting hardly took place. No males were found.
2. Approximately 70% of the plants of varieties grown from “feminized” seeds were far more uniform than plants grown from “regular” seeds of the same variety. About 20% of the varieties were a little more uniform, while in 10% of the varieties no difference in uniformity was seen.
From literature and our own findings it appears that the growth of a male or female plant from seed, except for the predisposition in the gender chromosomes, also depends on various environmental factors. The environmental factors that influence gender are:
• a higher nitrogen concentration will give more females.
• a higher potassium concentration will give more males.
• a higher humidity will give more females.
• a lower temperature will give more females.
• more blue light will give more females.
• Fewer hours of light will give more females.
It is important to start these changes at the three-pairs-of-leaves stage and continue for two or three weeks, before reverting to standard conditions.
To produce our feminized cannabis seeds, we start with selected female clones. Under standard conditions these female clones do not produce any male flowers. By the method we found, we are able to have these female clones produce abundant male flowers and pollen (see photos). The pollen thus produced we use for the production of our “feminized” seeds.
Best Guide to Marijuana Seeds on the Internet
At a first glance, these options seem straightforward. Growing from seeds requires germination, whereas a clone is a portion of an adult plant that will grow after being replanted.
Although it may seem easier to grow from a clone, transplantation of cloned marijuana plants is often trickier than it sounds. The act of cutting and transporting a clone is stressful to the plant, which can reduce its hardiness in its new environment or affect the quality of the bud.
It is much easier to discreetly acquire seeds than clones online. Seeds are smaller, cheaper and easier to ship. Seeds are, after all, the way that plants transport their genetic information from one place to another and are practically meant for shipping.
Additionally, if you grow from a seed, then you know the entire growth history of your marijuana plant. Clones will have the same genetic background as the adult plant that they were grown from, which includes any and all susceptibilities to fungus or other parasites.
Growth also has an impact on the quality and type of high that you get from your weed strain. If you grow from a seed, you’ll know that your marijuana plant grew in ideal conditions from day one.
Why to buy marijuana seeds online:
Online seed stores have many more varieties than your local dispensary. If you’re looking for a particular type of high, or for a plant that can grow in your specific conditions, you’re more likely to find the right strain online. The large amount of strains available online also means that there’s always a new weed strain to try.
Seed sellers online also use discreet packaging and ship quickly so you’ll get your seeds right away.
Autoflowering seeds grow into marijuana plants that are able to begin flowering on their own. This is in contrast to most of the regular marijuana plants, which must be pushed into their flowering phase. Typical cannabis strains (non-auto strains) are pushed to begin flowering by a change in light/dark periods.
There are some downsides to the autoflowering plants. Typically, these plants will have a shorter lifespan than other strains. This can, in some strains, result in a lower yield per harvest, per plant. However, more harvests are possible per growing season, and outdoor plants can produce multiple harvests per summer.
Other differences include that due to a different genetic makeup from non-autoflowering plants, the autoflowering marijuana plants do not grow as high as the regular varieties, which can make them easier to grow, and easier to hide depending on where you need to grow your plants. The faster harvest time also means that if you only have a limited time to use your garden, you can still get a harvest in.
Autoflowering seeds only require one growth set-up. Regular seeds will require a different growth set-up for the vegetative and flowering cycle. During the vegetative stage of regular marijuana plants, the plants can grow with a constant light level. During the flowering cycle, regular plants will need a “short day” light cycle in order to push the plants to produce buds. Essentially, shorter “day lengths” are necessary to trick regular marijuana plants into believing that it is the end of the growing season and time to flower. With autoflowering plants, you can skip directly from the vegetative to flowering states.
Feminized seeds are plants that have been grown from two female marijuana plants to make sure that the genetic makeup of every seed is female. This is possible because the genetic sex of plants is more complicated than we’re used to. After all, plants can’t move to find a better place to live.
Some species of plants produce both male and female flowers on the same plant, which allows those plants to self-fertilize. Marijuana plants are typically dioecious, which means that a single plant will have all male or all female flowers. However, in stressful conditions, the female plants are capable of growing male flowers so that they can self-fertilize and produce new seeds for the next growing season.
Although all female marijuana plants can produce male flowers when stressed, individual plants require different levels of stress before they produce male flowers. Current methods for creating feminized seeds use two female plants that are unlikely to display intersexuality. One of the female plants is treated with a silver compound to bring out the male flowers. The resulting seeds are guaranteed to be female, and should remain female even in stressful conditions.
Regular seeds will occasionally produce male plants which are useful if you are planning to make your own crosses. However, male plants don’t produce buds, so feminized seeds are useful if you want to guarantee a harvest from each plant.
Sativa vs Indica:
Sativa and indica are two different species of marijuana plants. The three main types of marijuana are Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. Due to differences between the two main species, sativa and indica, the plants produce different highs. Sativa plants tend to produce a more energetic high, whereas indica tend to produce a calm, body high.
Weed strains sold as seeds tend to be sativa/indica hybrids with a varying amounts of sativa or indica genetics depending on how the strain was hybridized. In general, strains that are mostly sativa will have a higher THC content than the primarily indica strains. Primarily indica strains are typically more calming and will be better for pain management.
That said, recent studies on the effects of different weed strains suggests that it may be the effect of another chemical in marijuana called the terpenes rather than the more famous cannabinoids, like THC. In either case, the company selling the seeds you’re looking for should have a description of the type of high expected from that particular strain. Although it’s not a perfect method of separating cerebral highs from calming, body highs, indica vs. sativa is still a good place to start.
The White Widow strain is an excellent choice for people looking for a classic, relaxing high. The strain is primarily indica and has high CBD levels, which results in a calm mind and body. Due to these effects, White Widow is an excellent strain for medicinal use. This strain of weed is available in autoflowering and feminized seeds, and does not grow too tall. White Widow produces a medium yield per plant.
The Amnesia strains are a good pick for a sativa high. These strains are available as Amnesia feminized seeds or as Amnesia Haze autoflowering. The Amnesia is typically a larger sativa plant with a long flowering period. However, that long flowering period is worth it, as the yield from these feminized seeds is massive. For a smaller yield with a faster growing period, the Amnesia Haze autoflowering strain has a similar flavor but grows much more quickly than the classic Amnesia. Amnesia Haze autoflowering seeds can produce up to two harvests per summer.
Another classic strain is the Cheese strain. This strain is named cheese due to the specific pungent smell that the plant gives off, which smells like cheese. Feminized seeds will grow to a large plant that produces a massive yield. Cheese is a 60-40 indica/sativa mix. As a result, this plant will produce a giggly high but can also be used for medical purposes, as it will also produce a relaxing body high. Cheese feminized seeds will produce a large yield. Cheese is also available in an autoflowering strain which is smaller and easier to grow indoors. However, when growing any Cheese strains indoors, it’s important to use an air filter to hide the smell.
Choosing and buying your seeds :
There are several things to keep in mind when choosing marijuana seeds to buy. The conditions that you have available for growth, your experience level, and the type of buds you’re hoping to get. Indica vs. sativa ratio can give some hints as to the type of high to expect, but it’s important to read the notes for each strain. Some indica strains can give the sativa energetic high, and some sativa strains can give the more relaxed body high.
Are you growing for yield, for flavor, or for something else? Some strains, such as the cheese, will have an extremely high yield. Other strains will produce smaller buds, but may be a more enjoyable or useful high for you, depending on why you’re smoking.
Flowering time and height are both important depending on whether or not you have long-term access to your garden. If it will be difficult to set up multiple grow conditions, go with an autoflowering strain. If you’re new to growing your own weed strains, a feminized, autoflowering strain is likely to be an easy entrance into weed cultivation.
Smaller strains may be ideal for indoor growth, or for areas in which you would like the plants to blend into the rest of your garden.
Brief guide to growing marijuana:
Ideally, you will have chosen marijuana seeds based on the realities of the growing conditions that you have available. If you need to grow short plants quickly, one of the feminized, autoflowering strains is your best bet. However, if you have more freedom in your growth set-up, weed strains with other specifications can work.
First, germinate your seeds. Seeds can be germinated in water, soil, or on damp paper towels. It’s important in all cases to make sure that the seeds stay damp. In soil, be careful not to overwater, as this can cause the seed to rot. The best method is to put the seeds inside a folded, damp paper towel. In this case, make sure that the seed gets some air flow, otherwise it may grow mold and rot. After a few days, you should be able to see a root growing from the seed. Once that root is about 3 milimeters long, you’re ready to plant.
Location, location, location! Whether you’re growing inside or outside, you need to know the specifics of the location in which you’re growing your weed. For inside growth, make sure that you place your lights at an appropriate distance from the tops of your plants. Strong lights placed too close will burn the leaves, while weaker lights placed too far away will force your marijuana plants to waste energy growing toward the light.
New growers should consider autoflowering strains, as they will be able to set up a single place for their plants to grow. However, if growing regular seeds, the plants need to be allowed plenty of light for the vegetative stage. After regular plants have reached the appropriate heights, they should be switched from continuous light to a day-night cycle with 10 to 13 hours of darkness at a time. This will trigger the plants to begin flowering.
The plants are ready to harvest when the seed pods swell with resin and the white hairs on the outside of these pods begin to change color to red, orange, or brown. Harvest can occur as soon as the majority (about 80%) of the seed pods are changing color.
A Brief History of Marijuana:
Marijuana has been cultivated and used for thousands of years, both as a psychoactive drug and as a source of hemp fibers.
Considering that marijuana is a plant from central Asia, how did it spread all over the world? Easy: due to cultivation. There is evidence of marijuana seeds and buds being burned in fires for smoke as long ago as 3000 BCE. Between the extreme usefulness of hemp fibers and the more entertaining aspects of the bud, marijuana spread all over the world.
Up until the early 20 th century, growing marijuana was legal inside of the United States, although it was typically grown for hemp, which could be used for rope, clothing, or other textiles. In fact, during the seventeenth century, it was illegal for farmers in Virginia to NOT grow hemp!
Prohibition of marijuana in the United States began in the middle part of the century following the marijuana scare that culminated in the anti-weed propaganda film “Reefer Madness.” Marijuana was effectively made illegal in the mid 1930s by an excise tax, although American farmers were encouraged to grow the plant for hemp during WWII. However, the increasingly negative perspective of marijuana, followed by the war on drugs, resulted in its current, mostly-illegal status in the United States.
However, at least in the United States, the prohibition on weed is slowly beginning to lift in various states.
Whether you’re a beginner looking to start growing your own plants, or a connoisseur looking for a specific high, you can find the seeds you’re looking for. The weed strains available online range from classic strains to easy to grow autoflowering varieties. So choose some seeds and get growing!
How to Grow Weed in your AeroGarden
Miracle-Gro AeroGarden™ is an exciting hydroponic system. You can grow fresh herbs, lettuce, tomatoes, year-round, in the comfort of your home.
You may be wondering: Is it possible to grow weed in an AeroGarden? And is it worth it? The short answer is Yes.
In this guide, I’m going to show you everything you need to know to grow weed your AeroGarden™ successfully including the best practices, the material needed, and exclusive pro-tips by experimented growers.
The best part? It will pay for itself in only 2 or 3 grows in weed value!
Table of contents
1. The Best AeroGarden Models For Weed
At the time I wrote these lines, the available models are; Sprout, Harvest, Classic, Bounty, and Farm family. To grow weed successfully, you will need a garden with 24 inches of growing height capacity and a powerful grow light panel.
So here are the AeroGarden models I recommend:
The AeroGarden™ Classic 9 is one of the most powerful models. It comes with a 45-watt LED full spectrum growth light and a growing height extendable up to 24 inches.
The Classic 9 also includes a touch screen control panel that makes things very easy and fun to control!
Classic 9 Bounty model has been replaced recently by a new design and this one is now obsolete but still one of the best to grow weed.
The most recent AeroGarden Bounty comes with a 40-watt grow light. The Bounty Elite (WiFi and Alexa Compatible) comes with a 50-watt grow light and both have 24 inches of growing height capacity.
Finally, the bigger models available are the AeroGarden™ Farm family with 60W of dual LED power and 24 inches of growing height.
2. Weed strain and seed type for the AeroGarden
Since the maximum grow height is only 24 inches (when the LED panel is fully deployed), it’s crucial to choose a strain that will stay small and compact.
Some strains can grow big plants that are not suited for the AeroGarden small reservoir. The strains also determine the effects and medical attributes.
2.1 Cannabis seed types
Autoflowering seeds are perfect for beginners because they grow very quickly and stay smaller. Also, there’s no need to change the light cycle to induce the flowering stage, and you will get only female plants.
Some strains can take only 10 weeks from seed to harvest.
On the other hand, yields are usually smaller with autoflowering seeds and most have a lower THC percentage.
Feminized seeds are also great, they allow growers to apply training techniques that aren’t recommended for auto and they can be cloned.
You will have to change the light cycle from 18/6 to 12/12 to trigger the flowering phase. Increased darkness hours tell the plant the fall is coming and start creating buds.
Key takeaway: Feminized seeds give more control to the experienced grower while autoflower seeds grow faster and are suitable for beginner grower.
2.2 Recommended marijuana strains for the AeroGarden
– (Hybrid) – (Hybrid) – (Indica) – (Indica) – (Hybrid) – (Hybrid) – (Hybrid) – (Hybrid) – (Indica) – (Hybrid) – (Hybrid)
3. The shopping list
Now you have your AeroGarden™ and your seeds, you will need the material below, and the optional list will help to have more yield out of your grow.
3.2 Optional products
Cannabis, like any other plants, needs calcium and magnesium.
Your tap water may have calcium and magnesium in small concentrations, but likely not enough.
If you’re using distilled water, you will need to add a Cal-Mag solution to your water as they are essential secondary nutrients for healthy plant growth.
Botanicare Hydroguard® is well known for their unique beneficial bacteria that help to increase root mass and health.
In my installation, I have added an external air pump with an air stone to make more bubbles in the root zone. This helps to prevent roots rot, and bring more oxygen to the roots.
The external pump also helps to reduce the usage of the AeroGarden™ built-in pump. The water temperature will stay low, and you will be able to keep an optimal temperature (between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit).
On the top of the AeroGarden reservoir, you will find two water/air ports with rubber plugs that you can remove.
They are the same size as the standard aquarium airline tubing. Just place the tubing inside one of them and put the air stone in the center of the bowl.
4. Nutrients and the importance of pH
Important: don’t use the provided plant food that comes with the AeroGarden™. This will not work, and you will lose your time and seeds.
I use General Hydroponics Flora Series, and I always have great results with these nutrients. Some other popular alternatives are Advanced Nutrients and Botanicare.
Your AeroGarden™ Bounty holds approximately 4 liters of water. I pour this amount of water into a big stainless steel mixing bowl. Let the tap water sit for 24 hours to become chlorine-free or use distilled water.
Now it’s time to add nutrients to the water. Begin with half of the recommended dosage by the manufacturer.
If you’re using GH Flora Series, take a look at this fully-tested nutrient schedule.
4.1 pH control
The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14. The pH of the AeroGarden™ solution should be between 5.5 and 6.5.
So I target 6, and I check with the pH pen tester every day and make the required adjustments with pH buffers (do not use pH up and pH down in the same solution).
In the vegetative phase, the pH tends to go higher, and in the flowering stage, it tends to go lower. Keeping the pH in the target zone is essential. Out of this zone, the cannabis plant may be unable to absorb some nutrients, and this leads to nutrient deficiencies.
If the pH fluctuates a lot or is out of control for a long time, your plant leaves will become distorted especially in the new growth areas.
This can be reverted, but the affected leaves will not return to normal appearance.
Key takeaway: pH problems can slow the growth of your cannabis plants and lower your yield.
4.2 Total dissolved solids (TDS) & parts per million (PPM)
Before pouring the solution into the AeroGarden’s bowl, you need to verify the concentration of nutrient in the solution with the TDS digital meter.
In the first weeks, the PPM should be around 400, and this amount increase as the marijuana plants grows. In the early flowering stage, the TDS could be around 1000+ PPM.
High nutrient concentration levels will not help the plant to grow faster and can lead to problems like nutrient burn.
5. AeroGarden setup to grow weed
Now the fun part! I assume you have already assembled your hydroponic system and you have transferred the solution to the AeroGarden reservoir.
Now let’s take a closer look at the control panel. First, set the clock, and if you’re in the quick plant menu, select the grow anything option.
5.1 Grow light settings
Select the sun icon, and follow the steps to configure the grow light. If you have autoflowering seeds, I recommend 20/4 light cycle. My settings are as follow; light open at 6:00 am, and close at 2:00 am.
For feminized seeds, I suggest 18/6 for the vegetative stage, then switch to 12/12 to trigger flowering stage.
5.2 AeroGarden™ Pump settings
Select the water icon, and then change settings. Follow the steps until you reach the pump on/off screen.
In the vegetative stage, I recommend setting the pump 30 minutes on, and 60 minutes off.
In the flowering stage, it’s better to give an oxygen boost in the water for the increasing root masse of your plants. So, if you don’t have an external pump, set the pump to 60 minutes on, and 30 minutes off.
If you have the external air pump with an air stone, keep in mind this one should run all the time from seed to harvest. You can configure the AeroGarden built-in pump 10 minutes on, and 60 minutes off when you run the external pump.
5.3 Nutrients settings
Finally, select the nutrients icon, and then settings. Set your nutrients cycle to 7 days. This is a simple reminder, and the AeroGarden™ will give you a warning every week to add nutrients and replace the water.
6. Seed germination
I strongly recommend growing only one or two plants at a time. Your marijuana plants will need an increased amount of space while growing and try to put more plants will decrease the yield.
Take two grow sponges and baskets, then place the seeds into the small holes. Be sure seeds are not falling too deep, (1/2” would be awesome). Cover the two pods with the provided transparent domes and put duct tape over the remaining pod holes.
From my experience, it could take anywhere from 2 to 4 days to see the first tiny sprout.