If you’re just starting out growing cannabis, you may have come across fanciful terms like feminized cannabis seeds, pot seeds, auto-flowers, females, males, hermaphrodites, photoperiod plants, among others. In this article, we will look at feminized weed seeds. Feminized cannabis seeds Feminized cannabis seeds have no male chromosomes and will only grow female flowers. Female Regular cannabis seeds are those as nature intended. Buy regular cannabis seeds online from anywhere in the world here. Everything You Need To Know About Different Types Of Cannabis Seeds Cannabis cultivation can be complicated, especially if you don’t already have commercial growing experience. There are light
What are feminized cannabis seeds: Difference between Male and Female Pot Seeds
If you’re just starting out growing cannabis, you may have come across fanciful terms like feminized cannabis seeds, pot seeds, auto-flowers, females, males, hermaphrodites, photoperiod plants, among others. In this article, we will look at feminized weed seeds.
Feminized cannabis seeds
Feminized cannabis seeds have no male chromosomes and will only grow female flowers. Female cannabis plants are desired for their over-sufficiency in terpenes and cannabinoids (THC and CBD). This quality makes them a great choice for growers who are looking to grow all-female plants for an easy harvest.
How to tell female pot seeds from male seeds
On a basic level, a wild cannabis plant is hermaphroditic, meaning that it contains genetic attributes of males and females. This physical makeup derives from the plant’s need to self-propagate. With advancements in genetic engineering, breeders come up with a way to generate robust female plants to maximize the efficiency of cannabinoid and terpene production to meet consumer demand.
Female weeds plants or seeds produce THC, while male weeds plants or seeds do not. Female cannabis plants or seeds can produce flowers, whereas, male cannabis plants or seeds produce small rounded balls called pollen that are crucial for pollination (natural reproduction). Female cannabis plants or seeds produce V-shaped pistils at the commencement of their flowering stage and male ones do not.
Why use feminized seeds?
Let’s look at the advantages of using feminized seeds:
Feminized seeds pack a huge punch of cannabinoids compared with male seeds. The genetically engineered strains are often grown for enhanced potency and fragrance. They are ideal for growers who require a quick and easy growing and flowering process. Quality feminized seeds online bring forth plants that are bursting in THC – the main psychoactive component of cannabis and CBD. Recreational users of cannabis savor the enhanced uplift that the THC in feminized strains induces.
Easy to cultivate
Pick any random cannabis plant and there is certainly a 50 percent chance that it’s male. But with feminized seeds, you are 99.9% certain you will get female flowers that are bud-bearing. You will also get reliable genetics with heightened potency and aroma.
When you cultivate feminized seeds, you are guaranteed resinous flowers with rich cannabinoid profiles in your garden. You will experience accelerated growth and more afternoon naps as female plants eliminate the trouble of pruning and maintaining male flowers that you’ll eventually dispose of. In other words, there’s no need to check for male flowers.
Effective use of space
Besides the knowledge that all your feminized plants are producing quality cannabis, you will optimize your growing area for maximum productivity.
Helps to identify the best breeder
The quality of feminized seeds can be gleaned from the amount of hermaphroditic flowers it yields. Feminized seeds from a reputable seed store are almost 100% devoid of hermaphrodites.
How to feminize a cannabis seed
Many feminized hybrids out there are sequestered from regular, pure varieties. In a natural setting, feminization is done by the transfer of the pollen of the male to the female, guaranteeing the transfer of hereditary information.
In a controlled, indoor growing environment, the technique for producing feminized seeds involves blocking the phytohormone ethylene responsible for maturation and ageing of the vegetative tissues and reproductive development. The grower creates female genes by breeding two female cannabis plants together, shrinking the hermaphrodite genes to yield seeds that will produce female offspring. The grower achieves feminization by spritzing young flowers with gibberellic acid or colloidal silver to modify the plant’s development. Well-feminized seeds show high improbability of developing hermaphrodite genes again.
Which feminized cannabis seeds should I buy?
Kannabia is a renowned online seeds company. We have one of the most expansive collections of feminized cannabis seeds online. At Kannabia Seed Company, there are thousands of strains from our massive seed banks. We deploy the most effective biotechnological procedures to develop high-quality kannabia seeds feminized seeds including La Blanca and Marató Blue – our classical strains.
Humans, for decades have combined different species from all over the world. The result is a hybrid that adopts the characteristics of both parents. The same thing holds true for cannabis plants and seeds. Through bioengineering methods, we have been able to develop kannabia cannabis seeds comprising 99.9% cannabinoid-rich feminized seeds that are commercially coveted.
Regular Cannabis Seeds
Despite genetic breakthroughs like feminised and autoflowering seeds, sometimes, you just can’t beat the original.
Regular cannabis seeds are totally natural, without any chemical or genetic modification. They’re pure seeds bred from male and female plants, producing 50/50 male and female seeds.
Regular cannabis seeds are often cheaper than feminised ones and usually do a better job retaining each parent plant’s THC and CBD profiles.
You can collect the best regular cannabis seeds in the world directly from Seedsman, with discreet international postage and multiple payment opt ions .
Browse Seedsman’s collection of regular seeds below, using the filter to pick the perfect strain for your collection.
Why Grow Regular Cannabis Seeds?
Cannabis breeders need regular cannabis seeds too, well, breed. Unlike feminised seeds, which produce exclusively female plants, regular cannabis seeds have a 50/50% chance of being either. Sometimes, however, they can also be intersex or hermaphrodite.
Crossing different cultivars has been taking place since the cultivation of all plants began, Sometimes because you want a better yield, a higher profile of a specific cannabinoid, a particular colour or smell, perhaps. If you’re going to breed, you need a male. Offspring doesn’t happen without a male and a female.
Secondly, for cloning. Producing the same cannabis plant across a crop.
If you’re a hobby grower, you may be better off sourcing a feminised seed or an autoflower. But suppose you want the best in unfiltered cannabis genetics. In that case, regular cannabis seeds are not genetically modified and ensure that a particular variety is as close to its roots as possible.
How to Grow Regular Cannabis Seeds
Growing regular cannabis seeds is just like growing feminised seeds, really. Other than needing to watch out for a male. That being said, you need to consider a few things.
Your seeds need to be transplanted, meaning, to avoid them getting root bound, they should be repotted at least twice in their cycle. This is for the best results in terms of yield. Regular cannabis seeds can grow rigorously!
Male plants have to be removed unless you’re running a breeding program! Leaving a male in a crop of females means you’ll breed more plants but won’t be able to cultivate them for the buds. Don’t throw males out though, you can use the leaves.
Growing Regular Cannabis Seeds Basics: What Your Plant Needs
Once your seeds have arrived you can begin planting practically straight away. When you’re growing marijuana indoors, the space you choose will be really important. Many cannabis plants grow fast and they can get tall and unruly if you don’t look after them properly.
Here are the other main factors that you need to consider:
- Light: Most people know that cannabis plants need a good deal of light. Indoors you will be providing a minimum of 12 hours a day to keep your plant healthy. In the initial, vegetative stage your plants will require 18 or 20 hours a day with just a few hours in darkness.
- Ventilation: It’s one area that newbies growing marijuana for the first time tend to not think about. Make sure that your plants are well aerated as this will stop them getting damaged by mold and ensure they stay healthy and strong.
- Soil/Growing Medium: The soil you put your plants in is important and can vary slightly from strain to strain.
- Watering: It’s easy to overwater plants and once that happens it often leads to root rot. One bit growing tip is to make sure that you have great drainage for the soil. This should help avoid your planters from getting waterlogged.
- Temperature and Humidity: The other big factors are temperature and humidity. This needs to be fairly constant – not too hot nor too cold – if you want to a good yield.
Light and Growing Cannabis
Setting up your light system takes some thought. This isn’t just about a few lamps here and there. You can buy specially made grow cupboards which are really good if you are stuck for space or want to keep your plants limited to one area. Lights can be standard CFL or the new LEDs. You could go for a traditional high power sodium or metal halide lamps as well.
One thing you need to consider is the heat that these lights create. Place them too close your growing marijuana plant and you will burn the leaves and damage it. The other factor is whether you put your lights on a timer or not. This can save you forgetting to switch on or off on time – don’t forget the hours of light you expose your plant to are going to be critical.
Germinating The Seeds
There are plenty of different ways to germinate seeds and it’s not that difficult. This is where you get the seed to spring into life and form a small shoot ready for planting.
You can place seeds directly into your main pot if you don’t want the hassle of transferring later. Some people prefer to put their seeds on dampened paper towel and then transfer once they germinate just to make sure everything’s working properly. You can also buy specially made germinating stations.
Much will depend on your personal preference but what you generally need are three key ingredients: Water, a stable, warmish temperature and the right location.
The Lifecycle of Your Plant
There are two stages to the development of a cannabis plant. These are the vegetative phase where the stems and leaves grow and the flowering phase where your buds begin to develop.
The vegetative stage when growing marijuana requires lots of light. You will need your indoor bulbs trained on the plant for around 18 hours a day to keep it in this stage and this will last indefinitely if you maintain the same light levels.
The average time for the vegetative stage can be anything from 2 to 8 weeks. The longer you leave it, the more your plant will grow.
During this time you may want to prune your plant, make sure it is watered regularly and use feeding solutions to keep the nutrient levels up. The amount of work you need to do will depend on the strain you choose but the general rule of thumb is not to overdo the feeding and to allow it grow as naturally as possible.
The flowering stage takes between 6 and 12 weeks. Outdoors this will happen naturally with the daylight changing as the season moves on. Indoors you need to give it a little nudge by reducing the amount of light you provide. This means changing to a 12 hour light/dark cycle.
This all applies to photoperiod strains which tend to make up most of the products on the market. If you’ve bought autoflowering seeds, however, they will go into the flowering stage without you changing the light levels.
Harvesting The Crop
The next big decision you will need to make is when to harvest your growing marijuana crop. Most strains come with instructions from the breeder which include how long you should keep in the vegetative state and how long you should flower for.
If you want to be more accurate you need to look at the stigma of your flowering plant. This is the central stalk inside the flower and when it is ready to harvest this changes from white to orange. The other, more popular method, is to keep an eye on the many trichomes that cover the surface of the flower bud as these change from white to amber as the plant matures.
Harvesting is the fun part of growing marijuana and there are different ways to do it. The aim is to make sure you disturb the buds with their amber trichomes as little as possible. Some people focus in on these and cut round them, others take whole branches that they hang up to dry.
Drying and Curing
Even though you have harvested your crop, you aren’t quite finished with growing marijuana. The final stage is to dry and then cure your plant. First check all the buds to make sure there are no problems such as mold.
Drying requires you to have good ventilation around the cannabis and a temperature of about 21°C with low humidity. Chose a safe place to do this as it’s going to take as much as a couple of weeks. You’ll know it is finished when the stems snap rather than bend or dried petals flake off. Your buds should feel a little waxy and that’s because of the resin they contain so don’t worry about this.
Curing is about adding flavor to your cannabis and is a vital part of the process. For this you need dark and an airtight jar. Put you buds in the jar, screw the top on and put somewhere like a cupboard. For the first few days you should open the jar to let out the old air and some new in, a process that is sometimes called ‘burping’.
Curing can take quite a few weeks but the longer you leave your cannabis buds, the better it will taste. Most experts suggest anything between 4 and 8 weeks.
Everything You Need To Know About Different Types Of Cannabis Seeds
Cannabis cultivation can be complicated, especially if you don’t already have commercial growing experience. There are light cycles, humidity, watering schedules, pesticides, and harvest dates all to consider. However, the arguably most important decision takes place before ever planting.
Growing marijuana plants starts with selecting the right seeds for your operation. Choosing the wrong seeds could have disastrous results depending on a cultivator’s overall goals. Here’s a brief overview of the common types of marijuana seeds and how to use them.
How Cannabis Reproduces
First, it’s essential to understand how cannabis reproduction takes place. Cannabis is a dioecious plant, which means both male and female versions of the plant exist. When growing male and female weed plants together, male cannabis plants pollinate females, causing them to produce seeds.
In the wild, this ensures the plant propagates. However, cultivators attempting to grow potent marijuana will want to avoid pollination. The high-quality buds available in modern dispensaries are known as sensimilla, which means without seeds. These are female plants that haven’t been pollinated. By avoiding the fertilization process, sensimilla plants grow to produce more resin and, therefore, more overall cannabinoids and terpenes. If you’re growing dispensary-grade marijuana, it’s essential to remove any male plants from your crop before they have an opportunity to pollinate. One way to avoid male plants is to use feminized seeds.
What Are Feminized Cannabis Seeds?
Female plants will attempt to pollinate themselves by growing characteristically male pollen sacs if left in a flowering state for too long. Using the pollen from these hermaphroditic plants to flower other female plants is known as rodelization, and it can help eliminate the potential for male plants. A female plant pollinated from a hermaphroditic female will produce feminized seeds—seeds extremely unlikely to carry male genetics.
Another way cultivators create feminized seeds is by spraying their female plants with a chemical called colloidal silver or silver thiosulfate, which encourages the plant to develop pollen sacs.
Whether you create your own feminized seeds or purchase them from wherever you buy cannabis seeds, remember that feminization is not fool-proof. Feminized seeds may still occasionally produce male plants, so be on the lookout to ensure an overlooked male plant doesn’t pollinate your entire crop.
What Are Autoflowering Cannabis Seeds?
Most cannabis plants are photoperiod, meaning that they require specific light cycles to transition from their vegetative stage to their flowering stage. This is done either by seasonal outdoor planting (typically starting around April) or through artificial light manipulation indoors.
However, autoflowering seeds will move to their flowering stage upon maturity, regardless of the light cycle. Autoflowering seeds come from a rare strain of cannabis called cannabis ruderalis, which evolved in northern climates with long summer days. Ruderalis plants typically have lower cannabinoid percentages, so most autoflowering seeds are crossed with a conventional sativa or indica strain.
Autoflowering seeds generally produce smaller plants that have lower total yields, but for some cultivators, this is outweighed by the benefit of reliable harvest times and the ability to grow outdoors year-round.
How To Germinate Seeds
Regardless of whether a cultivator uses regular, feminized, or autoflowering seeds, cannabis seeds need to be germinated before planting.
Seed germination refers to the process by which a seed sprouts. For many plants, seeds will germinate after being planted. However, germinating cannabis seeds requires a special approach since the seeds are so fragile.
There are several ways to germinate weed seeds. The cheapest and easiest way to do this is by placing your seeds between two moist paper towels and letting them sit in a warm location for a few days. You’ll know the seed is ready once it sprouts a white tail.
What Are Cannabis Clones
Not all commercial cannabis plants come from seeds. Sometimes, cultivators can create a clone.
It starts by taking a clipping from an existing cannabis plant. Then, that plant is transplanted into new soil, where it can take root and create an entirely new plant. Plants that are grown in this method will be genetically identical to the original plant that it was clipped from. Not only does cloning plants help save money on seeds, but it also allows cultivators to replicate desirable genetic profiles more consistently.
Tips For How To Grow Marijuana
Once you’ve selected the seeds that will best fit your operation, following these four tips can help maximize yields and better your chances for a successful harvest.